1 Introducing extract_transcripts() in drawProteins

Many proteins are present as alternate transcripts where the same gene is produces alternative forms of the protein through differential mRNA splicing or post-translational cleavage.

These are detailed in UniProt. When they are extracted by the UniProt API, it gives lists of alternative forms followed by lists of features. In order to plot each protein and the appropriate features, these need to be separated in our dataframe. This is done using the extract_transcripts() function.

This Vignette shows how this works and gives an example.

The workflow using extract_transcripts() is:

  1. to provide one or more Uniprot IDs
  2. get a list of features from the Uniprot API
  3. run extract_transcripts() to generate a new dataframe
  4. draw the chains and features as desired

Steps 1 and 2 are illustrated in drawProteins Vignette so only step3 and the visualisation of step 4 will be shown here.

2 Making a new dataframe with each transcript separated

The NFkappaB transcription factor family contains two proteins that are present in two forms. The dataframe obtained from Uniprot is contained in the drawProtein package as “five_rel_data” and can be loaded using the data() function.

When loaded this has 320 obs of 9 variables and will plot five chains as shown by checking the max(five_rel_data$order) function.

To plot all the transcripts, a new dataframe is produced using the extact_transcripts() function. The new dataframe is called prot_data and has 430 obs of 9 variables and will plot seven chains as shown by checking the max(prot_data$order) function.

# load up data for five NF-kappaB proteins
[1] 5
# returns 5

# use extract_transcripts() to create a new data frame
prot_data <- extract_transcripts(five_rel_data)
[1] 7
# returns 7

Now, let’s check out the chains for the two objects for comparison purposes.

p1 <- draw_canvas(five_rel_data)
p1 <- draw_chains(p1, five_rel_data)
p1 <- p1 + ggtitle("Five chains plotted")

p2 <- draw_canvas(prot_data)
p2 <- draw_chains(p2, prot_data)
p2 <- p2 + ggtitle("Seven chains plotted")



The appropriate domains and phosphorylation sites can be drawn correctly.

p2 <- draw_domains(p2, prot_data)
p2 <- draw_phospho(p2, prot_data, size =8) 

Note that the names of the different transcripts are the same so it’s wise to use the option customize the labels.

p2 <- draw_canvas(prot_data)
p2 <- draw_chains(p2, prot_data,
            fill = "lightsteelblue1", 
            outline = "grey",
            labels = c("p105",
                        "Rel B",
                        "p65/Rel A",
            label_size = 5)
p2 <- draw_phospho(p2, prot_data, size = 8, fill = "red")
p2 + theme_bw()

3 Session info

Here is the output of sessionInfo() on the system on which this document was compiled:

R version 4.4.0 beta (2024-04-15 r86425)
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Running under: Ubuntu 22.04.4 LTS

Matrix products: default
BLAS:   /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.19-bioc/R/lib/ 
LAPACK: /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/lapack/

 [1] LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NUMERIC=C              
 [3] LC_TIME=en_US.UTF-8        LC_COLLATE=en_US.UTF-8    
 [7] LC_PAPER=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NAME=C                 
 [9] LC_ADDRESS=C               LC_TELEPHONE=C            

time zone: America/New_York
tzcode source: system (glibc)

attached base packages:
[1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     

other attached packages:
[1] knitr_1.46          ggplot2_3.5.1       httr_1.4.7         
[4] drawProteins_1.24.0 BiocStyle_2.32.0   

loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
 [1] gtable_0.3.5        jsonlite_1.8.8      highr_0.10         
 [4] dplyr_1.1.4         compiler_4.4.0      BiocManager_1.30.22
 [7] Rcpp_1.0.12         tinytex_0.50        tidyselect_1.2.1   
[10] magick_2.8.3        jquerylib_0.1.4     scales_1.3.0       
[13] yaml_2.3.8          fastmap_1.1.1       R6_2.5.1           
[16] labeling_0.4.3      generics_0.1.3      curl_5.2.1         
[19] tibble_3.2.1        bookdown_0.39       munsell_0.5.1      
[22] bslib_0.7.0         pillar_1.9.0        rlang_1.1.3        
[25] utf8_1.2.4          cachem_1.0.8        xfun_0.43          
[28] sass_0.4.9          cli_3.6.2           withr_3.0.0        
[31] magrittr_2.0.3      digest_0.6.35       grid_4.4.0         
[34] lifecycle_1.0.4     vctrs_0.6.5         evaluate_0.23      
[37] glue_1.7.0          farver_2.1.1        fansi_1.0.6        
[40] colorspace_2.1-0    rmarkdown_2.26      tools_4.4.0        
[43] pkgconfig_2.0.3     htmltools_0.5.8.1