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This is the development version of BRAIN; for the stable release version, see BRAIN.

Baffling Recursive Algorithm for Isotope distributioN calculations

Bioconductor version: Development (3.20)

Package for calculating aggregated isotopic distribution and exact center-masses for chemical substances (in this version composed of C, H, N, O and S). This is an implementation of the BRAIN algorithm described in the paper by J. Claesen, P. Dittwald, T. Burzykowski and D. Valkenborg.

Author: Piotr Dittwald, with contributions of Dirk Valkenborg and Jurgen Claesen

Maintainer: Piotr Dittwald <piotr.dittwald at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("BRAIN")):


To install this package, start R (version "4.4") and enter:

if (!require("BiocManager", quietly = TRUE))

# The following initializes usage of Bioc devel


For older versions of R, please refer to the appropriate Bioconductor release.


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:

BRAIN Usage PDF R Script
Reference Manual PDF


biocViews ImmunoOncology, MassSpectrometry, Proteomics, Software
Version 1.51.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 2.10 (R-2.15) (12.5 years)
License GPL-2
Depends R (>= 2.8.1), PolynomF, Biostrings, lattice
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Follow Installation instructions to use this package in your R session.

Source Package BRAIN_1.51.0.tar.gz
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macOS Binary (x86_64) BRAIN_1.51.0.tgz
macOS Binary (arm64) BRAIN_1.51.0.tgz
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Source Repository (Developer Access) git clone
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